A Guide To Natural Stone Flooring

Among flooring materials, none is more elegant and luxurious than Stone Flooring. The word “natural stone” identifies some mountain-born mineral substances that stand as opposed to any synthetic or created stone products. Common natural stone flooring includes slate, marble, limestone, travertine, granite, and sandstone–each of which has slightly different properties. It is critical to understand the characteristics of the kind of stone flooring tile you are purchasing to determine whether it is appropriate for a specific location.

As you look for natural stone Tile Flooring, they are the factors that you should question retailers about:

Absorption Rating                                           

The absorption rating refers to how porous a given material is. The more absorbent it is, a lot more susceptible it will be to stains, as well as cracking damage when put through freezing conditions. Natural stones vary greatly in their absorption rates, with sandstone being the most porous to granite, which is almost waterproof even when left unsealed.

In general, sandstone is the most porous natural stone material. Travertine, limestone, and slate have medium absorbency, while granite is relatively waterproof.

Polished materials also absorb less water than honed or cleft surfaces.


Some retailers use a grading system to rate the grade of materials. This may refer to the scale, shape, and thickness of the Tile Flooring, as well as the condition of its surface. Most grading systems have three levels of quality.

Coefficient of Friction

This measures how various slippery materials are. The bigger the factor, the greater traction a tile will have. This number is particularly crucial in moist environments such as bathrooms and kitchens, as well as high- commercial traffic areas. The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that Tile Flooring has a minimum of a .6 dryness coefficient.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Rating

Some natural stone flooring materials tend to be suited to outdoor applications than others. Lots of the factors above will determine whether a material should be utilized within an open-air environment.

Non-vitreous materials will be at the mercy of staining through dirt and acid rain, as well as cracking when absorbed materials freeze and expand. Stones that have a low coefficient of friction will also pose a slipping hazard during rain and snow storms.


Natural stone materials are formed under the earth over millions of years, and frequently include a variety of disparate elements. Sometimes iron is present in these materials, which can manifest as bright red and amber hues in the top of thestone. The challenge in an outdoor environment is the fact that those traces of iron can oxidize, a process more commonly known as rusting. This may cause the complete tile to degenerate as time passes.

Great things about Using Natural Stone Flooring

There are numerous aesthetic and practical reasons why natural stone flooring can be a good choice:

  • Each little bit of stone is a unique creation of the planet earth, making every flooring application one of a kind. Every floor is unique.
  • The mountain-born qualities of the stone can help to give living spaces a direct and eternal link with the natural world, unlike every other building material.
  • While there exists some debate about the ecological impact of quarrying and transporting stone materials, the tiles themselves are natural, nonpolluting, eco-friendly pieces.

When purchasing natural stone flooring materials, it isimportant to do your research and understand the characteristics of the material you are purchasing. Figure out whether it is appropriate for your unique application and how much maintenance it should take.